Hypertension also known as high blood pressure is one of the most common medical problems present today. It can increase your risk of developing serious health issues that includes heart disease, stroke and kidney disease. As hypertension comes with certain consequences, it becomes important that you have your blood pressure checked periodically.
What are the causes of Hypertension?
Here are few causes of Hypertension that you should be aware of.
Being overweight: As one grows older, so does the risk of having hypertension. With advancing age, there are number of factors that can be related to hypertension and that would include, increasing sensitivity to salt, hormonal changes in women such as menopause etc. Hypertension is generally found in people who are above 60 years of age. With age, blood pressure tends to increase steadily when arteries tend to become stiffer and narrower due to the plaque buildup.
Alcohol and tobacco use: If one regularly consumes large quantities of alcohol, it can increase blood pressure.
Existing health conditions: If you suffer from diabetes, cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease and if your cholesterol levels are high, then it can lead to hypertension
What are the various complications of Hypertension?
- Heart Attack
- Heart Failure
- Damage to blood vessels
- Kidney Failure
- Eye damage and Vision loss
What are the precautions to prevent hypertension?
Eat a balanced diet: If you want your blood pressure to be under control, then you should eat healthful foods. Try to eat plenty of fruits and vegetables that are rich in potassium. You need to also limit your intake of excess fat, calories and sugar.
Eat a low sodium diet: Cutting back on salt or eating a low sodium diet can help keep your blood pressure normal. If you want to cut back your total salt intake all you have to do is avoid high sodium packaged and processed foods and see that you not adding extra salt to your meals.
Exercise regularly and keep moving. If you want to prevent hypertension, all you have to do is to keep moving as physical activity is very crucial. An exercise routine can help you better. The more you exercise the better your health will be but if you do not find time, then a little bit can also help you control blood pressure
Monitor your blood pressure: You should make sure that your blood pressure is measured regularly, either at home or at a clinic. As high blood pressure often happens with no symptoms, only blood pressure readings can give you the clear pressure if your blood pressure is on the rise.
Maintain a healthy weight. Maintaining a healthy weight is very crucial when you want to prevent hypertension. If you are overweight, losing some weight will be helpful and if you are of normal weight, try avoiding adding extra pounds. You should also try talking to your doctor and try to find out what is the best weight for you.
Disclaimer: The content in the article is purely for informative and educational purpose. Please do not consider this as a medical advice. The content should be used in consultation with a healthcare professional